PROGRAM AND SOCIAL EVENTS
NEW ! GENERAL & DETAILED PROGRAM
CLIMA 2019 OVERALL PROGRAM
KEYNOTE-SPEAKERS AND SPONSORS TIMETABLE
REHVA WORKSHOPS, REHVA and WORLD STUDENT COMPETITIONS & COURSES
(the detailed program could be subject to changes)
CLIMA 2019 COURSES
1. REHVA COURSE 1 - "nZEB design: approach, principles and best practices"
Price for non-students 70 Eur.
Price for students 35 Eur (based on a proof of a student card).
Please check HERE for registration.
1. Stefano Paolo CORGNATI, Full Professor, Politecnico di Torino,
Stefano Paolo Corgnati, graduated with honors in Mechanical Engineering and Ph.D in Energetics, is Full Professor at the Energy Department and Vice Rector for Research at the Politecnico di Torino. He teaches building physics, building energy systems and sustainable building design at the Faculty of Architecture. He works in the TEBE Research Group focusing on energy and buildings and indoor environmental control. He is the author of more than 250 scientific, technical and didactic publications, mainly concerning: radiant panels technologies, objective and subjective assessment of indoor environmental comfort, building energy certification, influence of occupant behaviour on building energy consumption and cost-optimal design of zero energy buildings. For the quality of his research activity, he won in 2009 the Rehva “Young Scientist Award”. Moreover, in 2011 he was nominated “Rehva Fellow”. He is involved in a number of National, European and International Research Projects on building energy consumptions. He is also chair of the REHVA Task Force on “NZEB design strategies for Mediterranean region”.
2. Cătălin Ioan LUNGU, Associate Professor, Universitatea Tehnică de Constructii Bucuresti
Cătălin LUNGU is associate Professor at the Technical University for Civil Engineering (UTCB) since 1996, where he teaches heating systems and computational methods for energy performance of buildings. He graduated PhD in Civil Engineering (2004) at UTCB with specialised training at the University Paris XII Val de Marne, France; he is invited professor at the Technical Military Academy in Bucharest and at the Ecole Nationale Superieure de l’Energie, l’Eau et l’Environment ENSE 3 in Grenoble, France. Since 2016 he is vice-dean of the Building Services Engineering Faculty and since 2012 Senate member of UTCB. He is also vicepresident of AIIR-The Romanian Association for Building Services Engineers since 2012, since May 2017 vice-president of REHVA (and REHVA fellow since 2016), and chair of the organising committee of the HVAC world congress CLIMA 2019 (2016-2019). His main research areas are the Dynamic Modelling of HVAC systems and buildings, nZEB Buildings (BREEAM Assessor and energy auditor); he was director of 2 research projects and member in other 4; member in 4 technical committees of ASRO (Romanian Standardisation Agency). Publications-5 books (co-author), more than 40 articles.
3. Cristina BECCHIO, Assistant Professor, Politecnico di Torino
Cristina Becchio, graduated with honors in Architecture and Ph.D. in Technological Innovation for Built Environment, is currently Assistant Professor at the Energy Department of the Politecnico di Torino. She teaches Building Physics in the courses of Architecture of PoliTO. She works in the TEBE Research Group focusing on energy and buildings. In particular, her activity deals with energy performance assessment of buildings using dynamic simulation software, financial valuations with the application of cost-optimal methodology, economic estimations using methods as cost-benefit and multicriteria analysis, and evaluations of indoor environmental quality and its effects on users’ health, well-being, comfort, productivity and satisfaction. She is also the operative coordinator of the REHVA Task Force on “NZEB design strategies for Mediterranean region”.
Introduction to the training
A clear design approach to follow, starting from the very first conceptual phase, is fundamental to get the target of developing a zero energy building up to a positive energy building. Nowadays, the problem is not to find suitable technologies but to apply innovative technologies in a systemic way, considering at the same time their energy, environmental and economic effect. The selection of the proper mix of energy technologies is the crucial issue in the design phase, and the cost optimal approach can be a powerful tool to compare solutions and select the best one. Indeed, in NZEB designing it is fundamental taking into account both the energy and the financial perspective right from the preliminary phases of the project. Success in realizing NZEBs lies in finding the right balance between energy performances, architectural quality and costs, which include investment, maintenance and running costs, incurred by the project owner during a defined period.Introduction to the training
In this course, the design principles for an NZEB are not only introduced and discussed, but also their application is examined by analysing successful case studies.
Target audience of the training
The target group of the training are professionals interested in getting the full vision about the design methodologies considering practical implication too. The course in also addressed to Master and PhD students that want to deepen their knowledge about the design approach for NZEB.
After this training you will:
- clarify the design approach for a NZEB
- illustrate the difference in NZEB principles moving from cold to hot climate
- analyse the suitable technologies according to the different energy targets
- use cost-optimality as a tool to compare solutions
- Designing and building a NZEB represents, since the first concept, a challenge between strictly costs controlling and reaching high energy efficiency targets, taking into account also architectural quality and elevated level of indoor comfort.
- The challenge of planning and building high performing buildings is of increasing interest in South Europe and in Mediterranean countries. The specifics of Mediterranean climate, in which winter heating loads and summer cooling loads have to be balanced, require a detailed re-visitation of the approaches aimed at reducing energy consumptions of buildings.
- The designers face with a multitude of opportunities, which have to be taken up by mixing traditional constructive measures and approaches and new technologies available on the market. An increasing awareness of the need of specifics in designing zero-energy buildings and the ability in reinterpreting the existing design experiences have to be consolidated; different climatic conditions require ad hoc design, specific for each building.
- Cost-optimal analysis bands together energy and financial performances of different design configurations and identifies the so-called cost-optimal level that represents the energy performance solution which leads to the lowest cost during the economic building lifecycle. Specifically, the methodology represents a decision-making tool to guide design team and owners’ choices. Nowadays, maybe the simple cost-approach is not sufficient but it is necessary to take into account also benefits and co-benefits in order to evaluate in a complete way different NZEB solutions.
- Case studies analysis.
Duration: 3 hours.
2. REHVA COURSE 2 - "How to design hybrid GEOTABS buildings' components"
Price for non-students 70 Eur.
Price for students 35 Eur (based on a proof of a student card).
Please check HERE for registration.
hybridGEOTABS refers to the integration of geothermal heat pumps in combination with Thermally Activated Building Systems (GEOTABS) with secondary heating and cooling systems. Optimum energy management in these hybrid installations requires a model predictive control (MPC) which decides between different production sources and distribution systems. This course deals with some specific components of hybridGEOTABS (hG) installations, presenting them in the context of the necessary holistic design:
- optimized design of borehole fields,
- optimized design of geothermal heat pumps, in relation with hG primary and secondary systems,
- optimized design of TABS
- system management with model predictive control algorithms.
- Learn the key aspects of borehole design and how to integrate them in a complex HVAC system managed by control algorithms
- Learn the various design options available for heat-pump and how to choose them based on the system requirements
- Learn the key aspects of TABS design and how it relates with complementary distribution systems.
- Get an overview on MPC and its potential in hybridGEOTABS buildings
- Hector Cano, Geoter
- Jan Hoogmartens, Viessmann
- Qian Wang, Uponor/KTH
- Lieve Helsen, KULeuven
Duration: 3 hours.
3. ASHRAE COURSE - "Update on Refrigerants: Past, Present and Future"
Course Fees: 99 USD (ASHRAE Member 59 USD, Student Member 39 USD)
Dr. Eng. Eckhard A. Groll, Purdue University, USA
Reilly Professor of Mechanical Engineering / Associate Dean for Undergraduate and Graduate Education / College of Engineering Purdue University
Ray W. Herrick Laboratories /West Lafayette, Indiana 47907-2099, USA
In recent decades, the refrigeration and air conditioning sciences have been in a state of flux primarily because of the phase-out of ozone-depleting CFC and HCFC refrigerants, and secondarily because of environmental concerns related to the direct global warming impacts of some of the replacement refrigerants. Due to these concerns, there is significant worldwide interest in using substances that are naturally occurring in the biosphere as refrigerants, which are considered benign to the environment and are termed “natural working fluids”. Surprisingly, many of these substances were already used as refrigerants at the dawn of the refrigeration technology in the late 1800’s. Thus, when looking at the refrigerants of the future, it is essential to understand which substances have been used in past. This presentation provides a detailed review of the past and present refrigerants, and proposes refrigerants and their respective technologies that could be used in the future. An assessment of their characteristics related to choice of one versus another, and an identification of trends set by these choices will be made.
Dr. Eckhard A. Groll is the Reilly Professor of Mechanical Engineering and also serves as the Associate Dean for Undergraduate and Graduate Education in the College of Engineering at Purdue University. He joined Purdue University as an Assistant Professor in 1994 and was promoted to Associate Professor in 2000, to Full Professor in 2005, and to the Reilly Professorship in 2013. He received his Diploma in Mechanical Engineering from the University of the Ruhr in Bochum, Germany, in 1989 and a Doctorate in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Hannover, Germany, in 1994.
Professor Groll teaches Thermodynamics and his research focuses on the fundamental thermal sciences as applied to advanced energy conversion systems, components, and their working fluids. Since joining Purdue, he has been the principal investigator (PI) or Co-PI on more than 120 research grants and more than 40 educational grants with a total budget of approximately $13.6 million from various agencies, including ARPA-E, the California Energy Commission (CEC), the Department of Energy (DOE), the National Science Foundation (NSF), the U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force, and more than 30 different industrial sponsors. He has advised more than a 100 graduate students and more than 150 undergraduate project students, visiting scholars, and visiting research associates. He has authored or co-authored more than 370 archival journal articles and conference papers. He has been the co-author of 3 book chapters and the editor or co-editor of 7 conference proceedings. He holds 4 patents. He has a given 88 invited lectures and seminars, and 13 conference keynote lectures. He serves as the Regional Editor for the Americas for the International Journal of Refrigeration and he has organized and chaired 11 international conferences on topics of Refrigeration, Air Conditioning, Compressors, and Natural Working Fluids.
Dr. Groll has been recognized for his academic leadership in higher education. He is a 2010-2011 Fellow of the American Council on Education (ACE) and 2009-2010 Fellow of the Academic Leadership Program of the Committee on Institutional Collaboration (CIC-ALP). He has received numerous awards for his research and teaching excellence including most recently by receiving the 2018 J&E Hall International Gold Medal in Refrigeration by the Institute of Refrigeration and the 2017 Peter Ritter von Rittinger International Heat Pump Award by the IEA Heat Pump Centre. In addition, he was inducted into Purdue’s Book of Great Teachers in 2008.
Price for non-students 70 Eur. The fee covers the technical documents provided by the lecturers/organisers, light catering etc., but not access to the congress sessions, workshops, coffee or lunch breaks, or participant kit.
Price for students 35 Eur (based on a proof of a student card).
Please check HERE for registration (see package 17).
Global climate change impacts Europe in many ways, including: changes in average and extreme temperature and precipitation, warmer oceans, rising sea level and shrinking snow and ice cover on land and at sea. These have led to a range of impacts on ecosystems, socio-economic sectors and human health. The last decade was the warmest since global temperature records became available. Human influence — primarily emissions of greenhouse gases, but also changes in land use — has been the dominant cause of the observed warming since the mid-20th century. In September 2015, United Nations Member States adopted a comprehensive global development agenda: Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, more commonly known as the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGS). At the same time, the technological revolution that we are currently experiencing has affected every aspect of our everyday life. Rapid technological advances of our society changes with the same rapid rate that is introduce. The projects of complex architectural programs are today the subject of many curricula of architectural schools and treat alternative or experimental approaches that integrate both public (semipublic) and private spaces.
- Knowing the new sustainable connectivity phenomenon in response to the effects of climate change;
- In-depth investigation and analysis of the previous, current and future dynamics of the area which will host various experiments, and which will precede any project (case studies);
- principles to create, through design, safe and qalitative public places;
- principles of integrated design: Design of a building which considers architecture, structural engineering, thermoinsulation, passive / active solar building design and HVAC.
Target groups: early stage researcers, PHD students, Practitioners, Trainers
- PhD. arch. Cristina Victoria Ochinciuc, Professor, University of Architecture and Urbanism „Ion Mincu”-Doctoral School of Architecture
- PhD. eng. Iolanda Colda, Professor, echnical University of Civil Engineering of Bucharest
- PhD Eng. Mihaela Georgescu, Associate Professor, University of Architecture and Urbanism „Ion Mincu”
- PhD student Stefania Trifan Teodorescu, University of Architecture and Urbanism „Ion Mincu”-Doctoral School of Architecture
Duration: 3 hrs.
For the WELCOME RECEPTION, AIIR PRESIDENT DINNER and GALA DINNER more details are given on the REGISTRATION & FEES page (https://www.clima2019.org/registration-fees/).
„LA BELLE EPOQUE“ TOUR BY DAY, 4-5 h (Sunday, May 26); the tour includes sightseeing of major objectives, transportation, English speaking guide & entrance to the Parliament Palace – included. Group of minimum 15 people.
COOKING TRADITIONAL ROMANIAN FOOD, 4 h (Monday, May 27); the tour includes a cooking class in a private kitchen & lunch, English speaking trainer – included. Group of minimum 15 people.
“THE LITTLE PARIS” TOUR, 4-5 h (Tuesday, May 28); the tour includes sightseeing of major objectives, transportation, English speaking guide & entrance to the Village Museum – included. Group of minimum 15 people.
HALF DAY IN THERME BUCHAREST, 4-5 h (Wednesday, May 29); the tour includes transportation & entrance in Therme (www.therme.ro) included. Group of minimum 15 people.
NATURE & CULTURE AROUND BUCHAREST: SNAGOV, FULL DAY (Monday, May 27); the tour includes transportation, picnic & entrance to Snagov Monastery included (other activities will be included like canoe & horse ride. Group of minimum 15 people.
CASTLES TOUR, FULL DAY (Tuesday, May 28); the tour includes transportation, English speaking guide, lunch, entrance to Sinaia Monastery, Peles Castle, Brand Castle - included. Group of minimum 15 people.
POST CONGRESS TOUR 1 - DANUBE DELTA, 3 DAYS (May 29 - 31); the tour includes transportation, 2 nights accommodation on a floating hotel in double room, all meals, English speaking guide, several boat trips – included. Group of minimum 10 people.
POST CONGRESS TOUR 2 - BUCOVINA MONASTERIES, 3 DAYS (May 29 - 31); the tour includes transportation, 2 nights accommodation, all meals, English speaking guide, entrance to Sucevita, Moldovita & Voronet painted monasteries - included. Group of minimum 10 people.
NOTA: PRICES ARE INDICATED IN THE "REGISTRATION & FEES SECTION" OF THE CLIMA 2019 WEBSITE. THE COST FOR THE POST-CONGRESS TOURS DOESN'T COVER THE ACCOMMODATION FOR 31 May/01 June 2019 (ADDITIONAL COST OF 75...125 Eur).
TOP 12 REASONS TO VISIT BUCHAREST
The famous publication Huffington Post lists 12 turist attractions in Romania’s Capital City. And it strats with food (1). Over 900 restaurants, of which quite a few have typically Romanian cuisine. Hundreds of old churches (2), with their histories and secrets. Rooftops (3), more than ten, tall buildings on whose roofs you will findvarious restaurants and beer gardens from where you can admire the beauty of the city. The Village Museum (4), the largest open-air, ethnographic museum in Europe, the parks (5) – from the senturies old Cismigiu Garden (Gradina Cismigiu) to the Circus Park ( Parcul Circului) with its rare plant species and the extensive Herastrau Park. Calea Victoriei (6), the former Mogosoaia Bridge, with its palaces and ehe superb building of the Romanian Athenaeum. The eclectic architecture (7) of Bucharest, with its infulence from Paris to Istanbul, a king of the Orient Express pf urban forms. The summer nights in the Old Town (8) – you cannot ... touch them, but they will make you grasp the spirit of the place. The secret gardens (9), the museums (10) and the cozy places (11) – from private theaters to pubs and boutique hotels (12).
OTHER BEAUTIFUL AND INTERESTING PLACES TO VISIT IN BUCHAREST
1. The National Museum of Art of Romania (Romanian: Muzeul Național de Artă al României) is located in the Royal Palace in Revolution Square, central It features collections of medieval and modern Romanian art, as well as the international collection assembled by the Romanian royal family. The exhibition "Shadows and Light" ran from 15 July to 2 October 2005. With four centuries of French art, it was the largest exhibition of French painting in Central and Eastern Europe since 1945. 77 works were exhibited, including masterpieces by painters such as Poussin, Chardin, Ingres, David, Delacroix, Corot, Cézanne, Matisse, Picasso and Braque.
The museum was damaged during the 1989 Romanian Revolution that led to the downfall of Nicolae Ceaușescu. In 2000, part of the museum reopened to the public, housing the modern Romanian collection and the international collection; the comprehensive Medieval art collection, which now features works salvaged from monasteries destroyed during the Ceaușescu era, reopened in spring 2002.
There are also two halls that house temporary exhibits. The modern Romanian collection features sculptures by Constantin Brâncuși, Milita Petrașcu, and Dimitrie Paciurea, as well as paintings by Theodor Aman, Nicolae Grigorescu, Theodor Pallady, Gheorghe Petrașcu, and Gheorghe Tatarescu. The international collection includes works by Old Masters such as Domenico Veneziano, El Greco, Tintoretto, Jan van Eyck, Jan Brueghel the Elder, Peter Paul Rubens, and Rembrandt, plus a smattering of works by impressionists such as Claude Monet and Alfred Sisley. Among the best known Old Master works in the collection are Jacopo Amigoni's portrait of the singer Farinelli, a Crucifixion by Antonello da Messina, and Alonso Cano's Christ at the Column.
In the southern part of the building the European Museum Art Gallery was reopened in 2000. The painting collection was made available on the basis of 214 works of art from the collection of King Charles I, to which were added pictures of other members of the royal family. The king's collection included paintings by El Greco, Rembrandt, Bruegel the Elder, Rubens, and Domenico Veneziano.
In spring 2001, the Romanian Modern Art Gallery reopened. The paintings are displayed on the mezzanine and second floor wing of the building. Mezzanine Romanian painting works are exhibited early (Nicholas Polcovnicul, Eustathius Altini, Anton Chladek, Livaditti Niccolo Giovanni Schiavoni, Carol Wahlstein Constantin Daniel Rosenthal, John Negulici, Constantin Lecca, Carol Popp de Szathmary), along with portraits of family members and a few landscapes.
2. The Romanian Peasant Museum is part of the European family of Museums of Popular Art and Traditions. It is a national museum, under the Ministry of Culture’s patronage. In possession of an especially rich collection of objects, hosted in a Neo-Romanian style historical monument-building, our Museum developed a highly original museography honored in 1996 by receiving the EMYA – European Museum of the Year Award.
The originality of the exhibiting style is continued in the Museum’s publications, in actions such as the Missionary Museum, the Village School, concerts, conferences and exhibition openings.
The Romanian Peasant Museum’s building is placed in Victoriei Square in Bucharest, next to the Natural Science Museum “Grigore Antipa” and the Geology Museum. The construction of the building, including its design was assigned to architect N. Ghika-Budesti, leading member of the autochthonous school of architecture. According to the museographic view of the ethnographer and director Alexandru Tzigara-Samurcas, he was supposed to raise a “palace of autochthonous art” inspired by typical monastery interiors.
The Romanian Peasant Musuem, National Museum of Arts and Traditions holds the richest collection of peasant objects in Romania. Almost 90.000 pieces of patrimony are as many witnesses helping our contemporaries to understand the peasant world. The Ceramics Collection holds around 18.000 representative pieces for the almost 200 pottery centers of Romania. Tohether with these, we hold the complete inventory of some pottery workshops from Hunedoara and Valcea, dating from the 19th century. There are exceptional pieces from Horezu, Oboga, Vama, Pisc, Curtea de Arges, Leheceni, Lapus, Binis, Barsa, Corund, Glogova, Marginea, Radauti, Noul Roman, Drauseni, Fagaras. The oldest piece dates back to 1746. The Costume Collection holds almost 20.000 pieces of costume from all Romanian provinces starting with the first half of the 19th century. Some of the pieces were donated by personalities such as Queen Maria, Sabina Cantacuzino, Elisa I. Bratianu and collectors like Dimitrie Comsa and Octavian Rogusk.
3. The Natural Science Museum “Grigore Antipa” is one of the oldest research institutions in the field of biodiversity and public education. It is in the same time one of the well known and highly appreciated “databases” due to the Museum’s collections, some of them valuable assets of the worldwide thesaurus. Although its beginnings are related to the “Museum of Natural History and Antiquities” established in 1834 by Mihalache Ghica, the peak of its purpose and brightness was reached in the past century, under the patronage of Grigore Antipa.
Grigore Antipa was born in Botoșani on December 7th,1867. In 1885 he enrolled into the Faculty of Sciences and Medicine from Iași, Natural Sciences department. He interrupted his studies at the Iași University and left with his brother to Jena, where he became the student of the famous professor Ernst Haeckel, an arduous supporter of the evolutionary theory and founder of the Phyletic Museum. Returning to Jena in 1889, Grigore Antipa enthusiastically accepted the offer to leave on a scientific expedition to Helgoland Island. On the 9th of March 1891, Grigore Antipa presented his PhD thesis, Ernst Haeckel giving him a summa cum laude honorary mention, which he gave only three times during his career.
In August 1892, returning home, Grigore Antipa was awarded a meeting with king Charles I during which he presented to the king a memoir dedicated to the “rationalized fishery in Romanian waters”. Impressed, the king recommended Antipa to Petre Carp (Minister of Agriculture) as general director of National Fisheries, to Take Ionescu (Minister of Religions) as director of the zoological collections of the Univesrity Museum and to General Ion Lahovary (Minister of War) to allow him to board the military ships travelling on the Black Sea.
Grigore Antipa explains to Dimitrie Sturdza the necessity of a Natural History Museum. As a result, at the age of almost 25, Antipa became the director of the National Fisheries until 1914 and the director of the Zoology department of the University Museum. In 1903, Grigore Antipa presented to Sturdza a memoir in which he demonstrated the necessity to have a building especially built for a “National History Museum of a national capital”. The first halls of the Kiseleff Museum were officially opened on 24 May 1908 in the presence of King Charles I, Princess Mary and other important personalities of the scientific, cultural and political elite of the time. Thus, for the first time in history, the Museum exhibited the dioramas – three-dimensional showcases in which the species were presented according to their habitats, in natural positions and projected onto a painted background. The success of this presentation strategy made of dioramas an example to follow for other museums around the world.
Grigore Antipa enriched the scientific collections of the Museum through donations and by the acquisition of exhibits, being supported in his endeavour by numerous personalities and institutions all over the country and abroad due to its renowned research reputation throughout his life. The Museum he organized and administered for 51 years was to the great Grigore Antipa his home, laboratory, resting place and multi-professional work field.
4. The Palace of the Parliament (Romanian: Palatul Parlamentului) is the seat of the Parliament of Romania. Located on Dealul Arsenalului in central Bucharest (Sector 5), it is the largest administrative building in the world with a height of 84 metres (276 ft), an area of 365,000 square metres (3,930,000 sq ft) and a volume of 2,550,000 cubic metres (90,000,000 cu ft). In terms of weight, the Palace of the Parliament is the heaviest building in the world, weighing in at around 4,098,500,000 kilograms (9.0356×109 lb).
A colossal parliament building known for its ornate interior composed of 23 sections, it houses the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies, three museums and an international conference center.
The museums hosted inside the Palace are the National Museum of Contemporary Art, the Museum of Communist Totalitarianism (established in 2015) and the Museum of the Palace. Though named the House of the Republic (Romanian: Casa Republicii), after the Romanian Revolution in 1989 it became widely known as the People's House (Romanian: Casa Poporului). Due to its impressive endowments, events organized by state institutions and international bodies such as conferences, symposia, and others take place there, but even so about 70% of the building remains empty.
In 1990, Australian business magnate Rupert Murdoch wanted to buy the building for US $1 billion, but his bid was rejected. As of 2008, the Palace of the Parliament is valued at €3 billion ($3.4 billion), making it the most expensive administrative building in the world. The cost of heating and electric lighting alone exceeds $6 million per year, as much as the cost for a medium-sized city.
After the earthquake of March 4th 1977, Nicolae Ceaușescu started a reconstruction plan of Bucharest. The People's House was the center of this project. Named Project Bucharest, it was an ambitious project of Ceaușescu's begun in 1978 as an intended replica of Pyongyang, the North Korean capital. A systematization project existed since the 1930s (during the time of Carol II) for the Unirii–Dealul Arsenalului area. Its construction was organized as a contest and won by Anca Petrescu, who was appointed chief architect of the project when she was just 28. In total, the team that coordinated the work was made up of 10 architects, which supervised a further 700. Construction of the Palace began on June 25th 1984, and the inauguration of the work was attended by Ceaușescu.
The building was erected on the site of some monasteries that were demolished and on the site of Uranus Hill that was leveled. In this area were located the National Archives, Văcărești Monastery, Brâncovenesc Hospital, as well as about 37 old factories and workshops. Demolition in Uranus area began in 1982. 7 km2 of the old city center was demolished, and 40,000 people were relocated from this area. The works were carried out with forced labor of soldiers and so the cost was minimized.
Between 20,000 and 100,000 people worked on the site, sometimes operating in three shifts. Thousands of people died at the People's House, some mention a figure of 3,000 people. In 1989 building costs were estimated at $1.75 billion, and in 2006 at €3 billion. The construction of the Palace began in 1984 and initially should have been completed in only two years. The term was then extended until 1990, but even now it is not finalized. Only 400 rooms and two meeting rooms are finished and used, out of 1,100 rooms.
The building has eight underground levels, the last one being an antiatomic bunker, linked to the main state institutions by 20 km of catacombs. Nicolae Ceaușescu feared nuclear war. The bunker is a room with 1.5 m thick concrete walls and can not be penetrated by radiation. The shelter is composed of the main hall – headquarters that would have had telephone connections with all military units in Romania – and several residential apartments for state leadership, in the event of war.
The building has a developed area of 365,000 m2, making it the world's second-largest administrative building, after The Pentagon, and in terms of volume, with its 2.55 million m3, it is the third most massive, after the Vehicle Assembly Building of the John F. Kennedy Space Center in Florida and the Temple of the Feathered Serpent in Teotihuacan, Mexico. For comparison, it can be mentioned that the building exceeds by 2% the volume of the Great Pyramid of Giza, and therefore some sources label it as a "pharaonic" construction.
The building of the Palace of the Parliament sinks by 6 mm each year. Romanian specialists who analyzed the data argue that massive weigh and structure of the Palace lead to the settlement of layers below the construction.
5. The Romanian Athenaeum (Romanian: Ateneul Român) is a concert hall in the center of Bucharest, Romania and a landmark of the Romanian capital city.
Opened in 1888, the ornate, domed, circular building is the city's main concert hall and home of the "George Enescu" Philharmonic and of the George Enescu annual international music festival.
In 1865, cultural and scientific personalities such as Constantin Esarcu, A. Urechia, and Nicolae Crețulescu founded the Romanian Atheneum Cultural Society. To serve its purposes, the Romanian Athenaeum, a building dedicated to art and science, would be erected in Bucharest.
The building was designed by the French architect Albert Galleron, built on a property that had belonged to the Văcărescu family and inaugurated in 1888, although work continued until 1897. A portion of the construction funds was raised by public subscription in a 28-year-long effort, of which the slogan is still remembered today: "Donate one leu for the Ateneu!"
On December 29, 1919, the Atheneum was the site of the conference of leading Romanians who voted to ratify the unification of Bessarabia, Transylvania, and Bukovinawith the Romanian Old Kingdom to constitute Greater Romania.
Extensive reconstruction and restoration work has been conducted in 1992 by a Romanian construction company and restoration painter Silviu Petrescu, saving the building from collapse. The 9 million Euro required were contributed in equal shares by the government and the Council of Europe Development Bank.
TECHNICAL TOUR no. 1, Monday, May 27th 2019, 9:00-12:30
Extreme Light Infrastructure - Nuclear Physics (ELI-NP)
ELI-NP is going to be the most advanced research facility in the world focusing on the study of photonuclear physics and its applications, comprising a very high intensity laser of two 10PW ultra-short pulse lasers and the most brilliant tunable gamma-ray beam. This unique experimental combination will enable ELI-NP to tackle a wide range of research topics in fundamental physics, nuclear physics and astrophysics, and also applied research in materials science, management of nuclear materials and life sciences. ELI-NP has been selected by the most important science committees in Nuclear Physics in Europe - NuPECC - in the Nuclear Physics Long Range Plan in Europe as a major facility.
TECHNICAL TOUR no. 2, Tuesday, May 28th 2019, 9:00-12:30
The NOSC has 6 pools, 3500 places capacity, approx. 30 mil Euro investment.
TECHNICAL TOUR no. 3, Wednesday, May 29th 2019, 9:00-12.30
Location: INCD URBAN-INCERC, 266 Pantelimon Sos., sector 2, Bucharest
Duration of the visit: 60-90 min.
About the visit: The visit consists of a guided tour organized with our specialists to the Practical Training Facility developed within the Building Knowledge Hub (BKH Romania). The visitors will have the opportunity to see full-scale models and mock-ups representing the state-of-the-art technology relevant for practical application of Passive House principles and adequate for an effective implementation of the nearly zero energy buildings (nZEB), being the first centre of its kind in the country. Information and pictures from previous similar events can be found (in Romanian) at: https://www.pro-nzeb.ro/noutati-si-evenimente.html.
Building Knowledge Hub Romania was developed within the project "Train-to-NZEB: The Building Knowledge Hubs" (June 2015 – November 2018, the European Union Program for Research and Innovation HORIZON 2020), along with other similar centres in Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Turkey and Ukraine. These centres aim to provide practical courses, demonstrations and consultancy services to implement the concept and technologies for with nearly zero energy buildings (nZEB).
NOTA: FOR PRICES SEE PACKAGES 24, 25 AND 39 IN THE "REGISTRATION & FEES" SECTION OF THE CLIMA 2019 WEBSITE.